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Theophanes the Confessor, Chronicle 12.14-26


Theophanes, born to noble parents in Constantinople, was raised in the Palace under Constantine V (740-775 C.E.) He spent much of his career as a member and leader of monastic communities around the Sea of Marmara, before his condemnation and exile to Samothrace in 817 C.E. by Leo V the Armenian during the controversies over iconoclasm. At the request of George Syncellus, Theophanes wrote a continuation of his chronicle from Diocletian down to Michael I Rhangabes (284-813 C.E.), in the usual dry style and format of Byzantine chronography. In his entry for the year 304/5 C.E. he records martydoms under Maximinus Daza, including Pamphilus of Caesarea, following the listing by Eusebius in his Church History (see Related Texts).


Τῷ δ’ αὐτῷ ἔτει Πέτρος, ὁ ἐπίσκοπος Ἀλεξανδρείας, ἐν τῇ φυλακῇ ὑπάρχων προστάγματι Μαξιμιανοῦ τοῦ Γαλλερίου καὶ Μαξιμίνου, τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ, τὴν κεφαλὴν ἀποτμηθεὶς ἐνδόξως ἐμαρτύρησεν· ὅστις τὸν Ἄρειον διάκονον ὄντα τῆς αὐτοῦ ἐκκλησίας ἀκοινώνητον ἐποίησεν· ὅστις μετὰ ταῦτα κακοδόξου αἱρέσεως προστάτης γεγονὼς πολλοὺς τῆς εὐσεβείας ἀπέστησεν. πολλοὶ δὲ καὶ ἄλλοι ἐπὶ τούτων τῶν τυράννων τὸν ὑπὲρ Χριστοῦ μαρτυρικὸν στέφανον ἀνεδήσαντο, ὧν εἰσι Φιλέας ἐπίσκοπος Θμούεως τῆς Αἰγύπτου, Πηλεὺς καὶ Νεῖλος ἐπίσκοποι τῆς Αἰγύπτου, Ἄνθιμος ἐπίσκοπος Νικομηδείας, Τυραννίων ἐπίσκοπος Τύρου, Σιλουανὸς ἐπίσκοπος Ἐμέσης, καὶ Σιλουανὸς ἐπίσκοπος Γάζης, Λουκιανὸς πρεσβύτερος Ἀντιοχείας, Ζηνόβιος πρεσβύτερος Σιδῶνος, Πάμφιλος πρεσβύτερος Καισαρείας, καὶ ἄλλοι ἀναρίθμητοι.1

Textual Note

Ed. de Boor 1883


[A.M. 5797=304/5 C.E.] In the same year Peter, bishop of Alexandria, who had been imprisoned by order of Maximianus Galerius and his son Maximinus, was beheaded and underwent martyrdom gloriously. It was he who excommunicated Arius, who was deacon of his church and who later, as leader of an erroneous heresy, caused many to abandon their piety. And there were many others who in the service of Christ won the martyrs’ crown at the hands of these tyrants. Among them are Phileas, bishop of Thmouis in Egypt; Peleus and Nilus, bishops of Egypt; Anthimos, bishop of Nicomedia; Tyrannion, bishop of Tyre; Silvanus, bishop of Emesa; and Silvanus, bishop of Gaza; Lucian, presbyter of Antioch; Zenobius, presbyter of Sidon; Pamphilus, presbyter of Caesarea; and countless others.2

Translation Note

Trans. Mango, Scott, and Greatrex 1997

Works Cited

  • 1 Theophanes the Confessor, Theophanis Chronographia I, ed. Karl de Boor, 2 vols., Bibliotheca scriptorum Graecorum et Romanorum Teubneriana (Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1883), p: 12.14-26.Link to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to HathiTrust Bibliographic record
  • 2 Theophanes the Confessor, The Chronicle of Theophanes Confessor: Byzantine and Near Eastern History, A.D. 284-813, trans. Cyril Mango and Roger Scott (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997), p: 19.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record


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How to Cite This Entry

Joseph L. Rife, “Theophanes the Confessor, Chronicle 12.14-26,” in Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia, entry published October 19, 2022,


Joseph L. Rife, “Theophanes the Confessor, Chronicle 12.14-26.” In Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia, edited by Joseph L. Rife, Phillip I. Lieberman and David A. Michelson., edited by Joseph L. Rife et al.. Caesarea City and Port Exploration Project, 2022. Entry published October 19, 2022.

About this Entry

Entry Title: Theophanes the Confessor, Chronicle 12.14-26

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Joseph L. Rife, general editor, Vanderbilt University
  • Joseph L. Rife, Phillip I. Lieberman, and David A. Michelson, editors, Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia
  • David A. Michelson, Daniel L. Schwartz, and William L. Potter, technical editor, “Theophanes the Confessor, Chronicle 12.14-26
  • Joseph L. Rife, entry contributor, “Theophanes the Confessor, Chronicle 12.14-26

Additional Credit:

  • TEI encoding by William L. Potter
  • Electronic text added by Joseph L. Rife
  • Testimonia identified by Joseph L. Rife
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