You are viewing a draft
Not for citation.

Isidore of Seville, Etymologies 5.1.75


Isidore, born to an aristocratic family in Cartagena, was an influential scholar and Archbishop of Seville at the dawn of the Middle Ages. Beyond his bold ecclesiastical leadership in the old Roman province and his program to integrate the Spanish Kingdom of the Arian Visigoths, he wrote an encyclopedia in 20 volumes. Isidore compiled knowledge in all fields based on research across an extensive range of classical writings, which he often quoted or paraphrased. In this passage from the book on buildings and fields (de aedificiis et agris), Isidore discusses the founding of Caesarea by Herod.


Caesaream Mauretaniae oppidum Iuba rex Maurorum in honorem Caesaris Augusti condidit, quam ex eius nomine Caesaream appellavit; sicut Herodes aliam Caesaream in Palaestina, quae nunc urbs est clarissima.1

Textual Note

Ed. Lindsay 1911


Juba, king of the Moors, founded Caesarea, a town in Mauretania, in honor of Caesar Augustus, and called it Caesarea from his name, just as Herod (did in the case of) another Caesarea, in Palestine, which is now a most famous city.

Translation Note

Trans. J. L. Rife

Works Cited

  • 1 Isidore of Seville, Isidori Hispalensis episcopi Etymologiarum sive Originum. Tomus I, Libri I-X, ed. W. M. Lindsay, vol. 1, 2 vols., Scriptorum classicorum bibliotheca Oxoniensis (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1911), bk: 5, ch: 1.75.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Additional Bibliography

  • Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae Libri I-X: Machine Readable Text, ed. W.M. Lindsay (Toronto: University of Toronto, 2006)Link to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Bibliographic record
  • Isidore of Seville, The Etymologies of Isidore of Seville, trans. Stephen A Barney et al. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010)Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Copyright and License for Reuse

Except for materials quoted from other sources, this entry is copyright 2022 by the contributors (Joseph L. Rife, et al.) and the Caesarea City and Port Exploration Project. It is licensed under the Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license.

Some texts quoted in this entry may be in the public domain in the United States. No copyright is asserted for these quotations.

Some texts quoted in this entry may have copyright restrictions and are reused under Section 107 of the Copyright Act of 1976 (Title 17 of the United States Code) which permits “fair use” of copyrighted materials for purposes such as criticism, comment, scholarship, and research. These texts remain under copyright of their owners. No copyright infringement is intended.

How to Cite This Entry

Joseph L. Rife, “Isidore of Seville, Etymologies 5.1.75,” in Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia, entry published October 19, 2022,


Joseph L. Rife, “Isidore of Seville, Etymologies 5.1.75.” In Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia, edited by Joseph L. Rife., edited by Joseph L. Rife. Caesarea City and Port Exploration Project, 2022. Entry published October 19, 2022.

About this Entry

Entry Title: Isidore of Seville, Etymologies 5.1.75

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Joseph L. Rife, general editor, Vanderbilt University
  • Joseph L. Rife, editor, Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia
  • David A. Michelson, Daniel L. Schwartz, and William L. Potter, technical editor, “Isidore of Seville, Etymologies 5.1.75
  • Joseph L. Rife, entry contributor, “Isidore of Seville, Etymologies 5.1.75

Additional Credit:

  • TEI encoding by William L. Potter
  • Electronic text added by Joseph L. Rife
  • Testimonia identified by Joseph L. Rife
Show full citation information...