Isidore, Etymologies 5.1.75


Isidore, born to an aristocratic family in Cartagena, was an influential scholar and Archbishop of Seville at the dawn of the Middle Ages. Beyond his bold ecclesiastical leadership in the old Roman province and his program to integrate the Spanish Kingdom of the Arian Visigoths, he wrote an encyclopedia in 20 volumes. Isidore compiled knowledge in all fields based on research across an extensive range of classical writings, which he often quoted or paraphrased. In this passage from the book on buildings and fields (de aedificiis et agris), Isidore discusses the founding of Caesarea by Herod.


Caesaream Mauretaniae oppidum Iuba rex Maurorum in honorem Caesaris Augusti condidit, quam ex eius nomine Caesaream appellavit; sicut Herodes aliam Caesaream in Palaestina, quae nunc urbs est clarissima.

Textual Note

Ed. Lindsay 1911


Juba, king of the Moors, founded Caesarea, a town in Mauretania, in honor of Caesar Augustus, and called it Caesarea from his name, just as Herod (did in the case of) another Caesarea, in Palestine, which is now a most famous city.

Translation Note

Trans. J. L. Rife


  • 1 Isidore of Seville, Isidori Hispalensis episcopi Etymologiarum sive Originum. Tomus I, Libri I-X, ed. W. M. Lindsay, vol. 1, 2 vols., Scriptorum classicorum bibliotheca Oxoniensis (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1911), bk: 5, ch: 1.75.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae Libri I-X: Machine Readable Text, ed. W.M. Lindsay (Toronto: University of Toronto, 2006)Link to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Bibliographic record
  • Isidore of Seville, The Etymologies of Isidore of Seville, trans. Stephen A Barney et al. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010)Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

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How to Cite This Entry

Joseph L. Rife, “Isidore, Etymologies 5.1.75,” in Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia, last modified June 14, 2021,


Joseph L. Rife, “Isidore, Etymologies 5.1.75.” In Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia, edited by Joseph L. Rife and Phillip I. Lieberman., edited by Joseph L. Rife et al.. Caesarea City and Port Exploration Project, 2021. Entry published June 14, 2021.

About this Entry

Entry Title: Isidore, Etymologies 5.1.75

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Joseph L. Rife, general editor, Vanderbilt University
  • Joseph L. Rife and Phillip I. Lieberman, editors, Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia
  • David A. Michelson, Daniel L. Schwartz, and William L. Potter, technical editor, “Isidore, Etymologies 5.1.75
  • Joseph L. Rife, entry contributor, “Isidore, Etymologies 5.1.75

Additional Credit:

  • TEI encoding by William L. Potter
  • Electronic text added by Joseph L. Rife
  • Testimonia identified by Joseph L. Rife
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