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Unknown, Pilgrimages and Pardons of Acre 1.1


The work written by an unknown pilgrim during the third quarter of the 13th century survives in one manuscript in Anglo-Norman French of the 14th century. It has two parts, the first describing an itinerary that abbreviates Ways and Pilgrimages, and the second describing pious visits to churches and hospices in Acre that can reduce the Christian’s soul’s stay in purgatory (i.e., indulgences). The work begins abruptly with this passage on the coastal route from Acre to Jaffa.


Ces sunt le pelrinages communes, que crestiens fount en la Seinre Terre. De la vyle de Acres à Seym Elye: iiij. liwes; de cele terre, e de la Cave Seynt Elye à la Carme, .j. liwe; e de la Carme à Seint Iohan de Tyr .i. liwe. Là yl y a une vile de Seint Iohan le Baptistre, e à .j. liwe de ileque est le peroun sur qui Dieu se reposa, devant le Chastiel Pelryn, e dedenz le Chastel gist le cors seint Eufenie, e de près est Merle: là Seint André nasquis, e deprès si est la cave là où Nostre Dame se mussa ou son fitz, pur doute des Gyws. E de ileqe à Nostre Dame de Marreis .iij. liwes: là Nostre Dame se reposa. E d’yleoque à Cesarie.j. liwe. E de yleqe à Iaphet .xij. liwes: là est un peron qe wn apele le Peroun Seint Iak, e une chapele où seint Abakuc soleint meindre.1

Textual Note

Ed. Michelant and Raynaud 1882

Textual Note

British Library, Harl. 2253, folios 68b-70b


These are the common pilgrimages that Christians make in the Holy Land. From the town of Acre to St. Elias is four leages; from that place and from the Cave of St. Elias to the Carmel(ite Monastery) is one league; and from the Carmel(ite Monastery) to St. John of Tyr is one league. There is a town of St. John the Baptist, and one league from there is the stone on which God rested, before Pilgrim’s Castle. And inside the castle lies the body of St. Euphemia, and nearby is Merle; there St. Andrew was born, and nearby is the cave where Our Lady hid with her Son out of mistrust of the Jews. And from there to Our Lady of the Marsh is three Leagues; there Our Lady rested. And from there to Caesarea is one league. And from ther to Iaphet is twelve leagues: there is a stone called the Stone of St. James, and a chapel where Habukkuk used to live.2

Translation Note

Adapted from Pringle 2018

Works Cited

  • 1 Unknown, Les chemins et les pelerinages de la Terre Saint (av. 1265), Texte A, in Itinéraires à Jérusalem et descriptions de la Terre Sainte rédigés en français au XIe, XIIe et XIIIe siècles, ed. Henri-Victor Michelant and Gaston Raynaud, repr. Osnabrück: Zeller, 1966, Publications de la Societe de l’Orient latin. Serie geographique 3 (Paris: Jules-Guillaume Fick, 1882), 177–78, p: 229, ch: 1.1.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 Unknown, The Ways and Pilgrimages of the Holy Land (1244-1265) [Texts A and B], in Pilgrimage to Jerusalem and the Holy Land, 1187-1291, trans. Denys Pringle, Crusade Texts in Translation 23 (London: Routledge, 2018), 209–28, p: 229.Link to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic record

Additional Bibliography

  • Sabino de Sandoli, Itinera Hierosolymitana Crucesignatorum (Saec. XII-XIII) IV: Tempore Regni Latini Extremo: 1245-1291. Textus Latini Cum Versione Italica, vol. 4, 4 vols., Studium Biblicum Franciscanum, Collectio Major 24 (Jerusalem: Franciscan Printing Press, 1984), p: 109-117.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Copyright and License for Reuse

Except for materials quoted from other sources, this entry is copyright 2022 by the contributors (Joseph L. Rife, et al.) and the Caesarea City and Port Exploration Project. It is licensed under the Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license.

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How to Cite This Entry

Joseph L. Rife, “Unknown, Pilgrimages and Pardons of Acre 1.1,” in Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia, entry published October 19, 2022,


Joseph L. Rife, “Unknown, Pilgrimages and Pardons of Acre 1.1.” In Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia, edited by Joseph L. Rife, Phillip I. Lieberman and David A. Michelson., edited by Joseph L. Rife et al.. Caesarea City and Port Exploration Project, 2022. Entry published October 19, 2022.

About this Entry

Entry Title: Unknown, Pilgrimages and Pardons of Acre 1.1

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Joseph L. Rife, general editor, Vanderbilt University
  • Joseph L. Rife, Phillip I. Lieberman, and David A. Michelson, editors, Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia
  • David A. Michelson, Daniel L. Schwartz, and William L. Potter, technical editor, “Unknown, Pilgrimages and Pardons of Acre 1.1
  • Joseph L. Rife, entry contributor, “Unknown, Pilgrimages and Pardons of Acre 1.1

Additional Credit:

  • TEI encoding by William L. Potter
  • Electronic text added by Joseph L. Rife
  • Testimonia identified by Joseph L. Rife
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