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Aelius Herodian, Correct Spelling


Aelius Herodian studied and taught language and literature (“grammar”) in Alexandria, the intellectual and cultural center of the Roman East, before moving to Rome as a celebrated scholar later in his career. In his grammatical treatise on spelling, Herodian cited the toponym "Caesarea" (Καισάρεια) as an example of a particular word-formation, as he does elsewhere.


Τὰ διὰ τοῦ -εια ἐπὶ πόλεων προπαροξύτονα θηλυκὰ δίφθογγον ἔχει οἷον Ἀλεξάνδρεια, Ἀπάμεια, Καισάρεια, Ἀντιόχεια, Θέσπεια· τὸ δὲ ὀξυτόνως λεγόμενον Θεσπιά διὰ τοῦ -ι· τὰ δὲ ἐπὶ χώρας ὄντα διὰ τοῦ -ι γράφεται καὶ παροξύνεται, Λυκία, Πισιδία, Κιλικία, Σικελία, Παφλαγονία, Ἀρμενία, Συρία, Καππαδοκία, Ἰταλία, Ἀσία, Θεσσαλία, Βοιωτία, Βιθυνία, Ἰτουρία. 1


Ed. Lentz 1868


Feminine proparoxytone nouns for cities in -eia have a diphthong, e.g., Alexandreia, Apameia, Kaisareia , Antiocheia, Thespeia. Thespia in -i is a noun spoken oxytone. Nouns for regions in -i are written and spoken paroxytone: Lykia, Pisidia, Kilikia, Sikelia, Paphlagonia, Armenia, Syria, Kappadokia, Italia, Asia, Thessalia, Boiotia, Bithynia, Itouria.

Translation Note

Trans. J. L. Rife

Works Cited

  • 1 Aelius Herodianus, Herodiani technici Reliquiae, ed. August Lentz, vol. 2, 3 vols., Grammatici Graeci 3 (Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1868), p: 451, line: 22-27.Link to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to HathiTrust Bibliographic record


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How to Cite This Entry

William L. Potter et al., “Aelius Herodian, Correct Spelling,” in Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia, entry published June 30, 2023,


William L. Potter et al., “Aelius Herodian, Correct Spelling” In Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia, edited by Joseph L. Rife., edited by Joseph L. Rife. Caesarea City and Port Exploration Project, 2023. Entry published June 30, 2023.

About this Entry

Entry Title: Aelius Herodian, Correct Spelling

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Joseph L. Rife, general editor, Vanderbilt University
  • Joseph L. Rife, editor, Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia
  • David A. Michelson, Daniel L. Schwartz, and William L. Potter, technical editors, “Aelius Herodian, Correct Spelling
  • William L. Potter and Joseph L. Rife, entry contributors, “Aelius Herodian, Correct Spelling

Additional Credit:

  • TEI encoding by William L. Potter
  • URNs and other metadata added by William L. Potter
  • Electronic text added by Joseph L. Rife
  • Testimonia identified by Joseph L. Rife
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