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Aelius Herodian, Correct Spelling 2.2.4.127

   https://caesarea-maritima.org/testimonia/214

Context

Aelius Herodian studied and taught language and literature (“grammar”) in Alexandria, the intellectual and cultural center of the Roman East, before moving to Rome as a celebrated scholar later in his career. In his grammatical treatise on spelling, Herodian cited the toponym "Caesarea" (Καισάρεια) as an example of a particular word-formation, as he does elsewhere.

Text

Τὰ διὰ τοῦ -εια ἐπὶ πόλεων προπαροξύτονα θηλυκὰ δίφθογγον ἔχει οἷον Ἀλεξάνδρεια, Ἀπάμεια, Καισάρεια, Ἀντιόχεια, Θέσπεια· τὸ δὲ ὀξυτόνως λεγόμενον Θεσπιά διὰ τοῦ -ι· τὰ δὲ ἐπὶ χώρας ὄντα διὰ τοῦ -ι γράφεται καὶ παροξύνεται, Λυκία, Πισιδία, Κιλικία, Σικελία, Παφλαγονία, Ἀρμενία, Συρία, Καππαδοκία, Ἰταλία, Ἀσία, Θεσσαλία, Βοιωτία, Βιθυνία, Ἰτουρία.1

Note

Ed. Lentz 1868 [cited by page-line]

Translation

Feminine proparoxytone nouns for cities in -eia have a diphthong, e.g., Alexandreia, Apameia, Kaisareia, Antiocheia, Thespeia. Thespia in -i is a noun spoken oxytone. Nouns for regions in -i are written and spoken paroxytone: Lykia, Pisidia, Kilikia, Sikelia, Paphlagonia, Armenia, Syria, Kappadokia, Italia, Asia, Thessalia, Boiotia, Bithynia, Itouria.

Translation Note

Trans. J. L. Rife

Works Cited

  • 1 Aelius Herodianus, Grammatici Graeci III.2.1: Herodiani Technici Reliquiae, ed. August Lentz (Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1868), p: 451, line: 22-27.Link to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to HathiTrust Bibliographic record

 

Copyright and License for Reuse

Except for materials quoted from other sources, this entry is copyright 2021 by the contributors (Joseph L. Rife, et al.) and the Caesarea City and Port Exploration Project. It is licensed under the Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license.

Some texts quoted in this entry may be in the public domain in the United States. No copyright is asserted for these quotations.

Some texts quoted in this entry may have copyright restrictions and are reused under Section 107 of the Copyright Act of 1976 (Title 17 of the United States Code) which permits “fair use” of copyrighted materials for purposes such as criticism, comment, scholarship, and research. These texts remain under copyright of their owners. No copyright infringement is intended.

How to Cite This Entry

Joseph L. Rife et al., “Aelius Herodian, Correct Spelling 2.2.4.127,” in Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia, last modified July 6, 2021, https://caesarea-maritima.org/testimonia/214.

Bibliography:

Joseph L. Rife et al., “Aelius Herodian, Correct Spelling 2.2.4.127.” In Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia, edited by Joseph L. Rife, Phillip I. Lieberman and David A. Michelson., edited by Joseph L. Rife et al.. Caesarea City and Port Exploration Project, 2021. Entry published July 6, 2021. https://caesarea-maritima.org/testimonia/214.

About this Entry

Entry Title: Aelius Herodian, Correct Spelling 2.2.4.127

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Joseph L. Rife, general editor, Vanderbilt University
  • Joseph L. Rife, Phillip I. Lieberman, and David A. Michelson, editors, Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia
  • David A. Michelson, Daniel L. Schwartz, and William L. Potter, technical editors, “Aelius Herodian, Correct Spelling 2.2.4.127
  • Joseph L. Rife and William L. Potter, entry contributors, “Aelius Herodian, Correct Spelling 2.2.4.127

Additional Credit:

  • TEI encoding by William L. Potter
  • URNs and other metadata added by William L. Potter
  • Electronic text added by Joseph L. Rife
  • Testimonia identified by Joseph L. Rife
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