Burchard of Mt. Sion, Description of the Holy Land 1.3
TextPost istam quartam Syriam, scilicet Syriam Phenicis, sequitur Palestina, que Philistiim proprie nιιncupatur, quia tres sunt, ut sequitur, Palestine, que tamen omnes sunt Syrie magne partes. Prima Palestina est, cuius metropolis est Jerusalem, cum omnibus montanis suis usque ad mare mortuum et usque ad desertum et Cades Barne; secunda, cuius metropolis est Cesarea Palestine sive Cesarea maritima, cum tota terra Philistiim, incipiens a predicta Petra Incisa sive Castro Peregrinorum, et se extendens usque Basan contra austrum. Tercia est, cuius metropolis est Bethsan, sita sub monte Gelboe iuxta Iordanem. Hec quondam Scythopolis dicebatur. Ista Palestina dicitur proprie Galilea sive campus magnus Esdraelon.
Textual NoteLaurent 1873
TranslationAfter this fourth Syria, i.e., Syria of Phoenicia, comes Palestine, which should properly be called Philistim, because there are three Palestines as follows, but all three are parts of Greater Syria. Palestine I is that province whose capital is Jerusalem, together with all its mountainous country, as far as the Dead Sea and the desert and Kadesh Barnea. Palestine II is the one whose capital is Caesarea Palestinae or Caesarea Maritima, together with all the land of the Philistines, beginning at the aforementioned Petra Incisa or Pilgrim’s Castle, and reaching eastward to Bashan. Palestine III is the one whose capital is Beth Shan, located below Mount Gilboa next to the Jordan. This city was formerly called Scythopolis. This Palestine is properly called Galilee, or the great Plain of Esdraelon.
Translation NoteTrans. J. L. Rife with ref. to Pringle 2018
- 1 Burchard of Mt. Sion, Burchardi de Monte Sion descriptio terrae sanctae,Burchardi de Monte Sion descriptio terrae sanctae, in Peregrinatores Medii Aevi Quatuor: Burchardus de Monte Sion, Ricoldus de Monte Crucis, Odoricus de Foro Julii, Wilbrandus de Oldenborg… Editio Secunda accessit Mag. Thietmari PeregrinatioPeregrinatores Medii Aevi Quatuor: Burchardus de Monte Sion, Ricoldus de Monte Crucis, Odoricus de Foro Julii, Wilbrandus de Oldenborg… Editio Secunda accessit Mag. Thietmari Peregrinatio, ed. J. M. C. Laurent, 2nd ed. (Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1873), 1–100, ch: 1.3, p: 22.
- 2 Burchard of Mt. Sion, Burchard of Mt. Sion OP: Description of the Holy Land (1274-85),Burchard of Mt. Sion OP: Description of the Holy Land (1274-85), in Pilgrimage to Jerusalem and the Holy Land, 1187-1291Pilgrimage to Jerusalem and the Holy Land, 1187-1291, trans. Denys Pringle, Crusade Texts in Translation 23 (London: Routledge, 2018), 241–320, ch: 1.3, p: 244.
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How to Cite This Entry
Bibliography:Joseph L. Rife, “Burchard of Mt. Sion, Description of the Holy Land 1.3.” In Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia, edited by Joseph L. Rife and Phillip I. Lieberman., edited by Joseph L. Rife et al.. Caesarea City and Port Exploration Project, 2021. Entry published June 14, 2021. https://caesarea-maritima.org/testimonia/202.
About this Entry
Entry Title: Burchard of Mt. Sion, Description of the Holy Land 1.3
Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:
- Joseph L. Rife, general editor, Vanderbilt University
- Joseph L. Rife and Phillip I. Lieberman, editors, Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia
- David A. Michelson, Daniel L. Schwartz, and William L. Potter, technical editor, “Burchard of Mt. Sion, Description of the Holy Land 1.3”
- Joseph L. Rife, entry contributor, “Burchard of Mt. Sion, Description of the Holy Land 1.3”
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- Electronic text added by Joseph L. Rife
- Testimonia identified by Joseph L. Rife