Epiphanius, Medicine Cabinet, or Against Heresies 69.4.3-5

   https://caesarea-maritima.org/testimonia/153

Context

Epiphanius, who spent his early life and career as a student and monk in southern Palestine and Egypt, was appointed bishop of Salamis on Cyprus in ca. 365-367 C.E., a post he held until his death in 403 C.E. He became a formidable champion of Orthodoxy, repeatedly entering into bitter controversy with the sees at Jerusalem and Alexandria. His Medicine Cabinet (πανάριον, κιβώτιον, panarion, arcula), or Against Heresies (κατὰ αἱρέσεων, adversus haereses), was a long compendium of portraits of wayward sectarianism, stretching from the Greek philosophers and Judaism up to his own, that meant to give theological and rhetorical antidotes to heresy. It has great historical value for its detailed information on figures of the eastern Church, frequently paraphrasing or quoting from earlier works or otherwise lost documents. In his chapter on the Arians, Epiphanius records how Alexander, bishop of Alexandria, circulated letters to the Palestinian, Phoenician, and Syrian bishops exhorting them to rebuke and to refuse quarter to Arius, whom Alexander had exiled from Egypt during the tense times before the First Ecumenical Council at Nicaea in 325 C.E.

Text

μετέπειτα δὲ εἰς ὦτα ἔρχεται τοῦ ἐπισκόπου Ἀλεξάνδρου καὶ γράφει ἐπιστολὰς ἐγκυκλίους, αἵτινες παρὰ φιλοκάλοις ἔτι σῴζονται, ὡς τὸν ἀριθμὸν ἑβδομήκοντα, τῶν ἐπισκόπων ἑκάστῳ, Εὐσεβίῳ εὐθὺς τῷ ἐν Καισαρείᾳ (περιῆν γάρ), καὶ Μακαρίῳ Ἱεροσολύμων, Ἀσκληπιῷ ἐν Γάζῃ, Λογγίνῳ ἐν Ἀσκάλωνι, Μακρίνῳ τῷ ἐν Ἰαμνίᾳ καὶ ἄλλοις, ἔν τε τῇ Φοινίκῃ Ζήνωνί τινι ἀρχαίῳ ἐν Τύρῳ καὶ ἄλλοις, ἅμα καὶ <τοῖς> ἐν τῇ Κοίλῃ Συρίᾳ. ὡς οὖν ἀπεστάλησαν αἱ ἐπιστολαί, μεμφόμεναι τοὺς αὐτὸν ὑποδεξαμένους, ἕκαστος ἀντέγραψε τῷ μακαρίῳ Ἀλεξάνδρῳ ἀπολογούμενος. καὶ οἱ μὲν εἰρωνείᾳ γεγράφασιν, ἄλλοι δὲ ἐν ἀληθείᾳ, οἱ μὲν λέγοντες μὴ ὑπο- δέχεσθαι τοῦτον, ἄλλοι δὲ κατὰ ἄγνοιαν ὑποδέχεσθαι, ἕτεροι δὲ φάσκοντες, ὡς διὰ τῆς ὑποδοχῆς κερδῆσαι αὐτόν, ἀπολογούμενοι. καὶ πολλή τίς ἐστιν ἡ περὶ τούτων ὑπόθεσις.

Textual Note

Ed. Holl 1933

Translation

(3) Afterwards this came to the ears of the bishop Alexander, and he wrote to each bishop encyclical letters, around 70 altogether, which are still preserved by scholars. He wrote immediately to Eusebius in Caesarea—he was alive—and to Macarius in Jerusalem, Asclepius in Gaza, Longinus in Ascalon, Macrinus in Iamnia, and others; and in Phoenicia to Zeno, a senior bishop in Tyre, and others, along with [the bishops] in Coele Syria. (4) When the letters had been sent reproving those who had received (Arius), each bishop replied to the blessed Alexander with his defense. (5) And some wrote deceitfully, others truthfully, some explaining that they had not received him, others that they had received him in ignorance, and others claiming in self-defense that they had won him over by hospitality. And the story about these matters is a long one.

Translation Note

Rev. Williams 2013

Bibliography

  • 1 Epiphanius, Epiphanius: Panarion haereses 65-80; De fideEpiphanius: Panarion haereses 65-80; De fide, ed. Karl Holl, vol. 3, Die griechischen christlichen Schriftsteller 37 (Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1933), bk: 69.4, p: 155. Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 Burchard of Mt. Sion, Burchard of Mt. Sion OP: Description of the Holy Land (1274-85),Burchard of Mt. Sion OP: Description of the Holy Land (1274-85), in Pilgrimage to Jerusalem and the Holy Land, 1187-1291Pilgrimage to Jerusalem and the Holy Land, 1187-1291, trans. Denys Pringle, Crusade Texts in Translation 23 (London: Routledge, 2018), 241–320, bk: 69.4.3-5, p: 336. Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record Link to Worldcat Bibliographic record

Copyright and License for Reuse

Except for materials quoted from other sources, this entry is copyright 2021 by the contributors (Joseph L. Rife, et al.) and the Caesarea City and Port Exploration Project. It is licensed under the Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license.

Some texts quoted in this entry may be in the public domain in the United States. No copyright is asserted for these quotations.

Some texts quoted in this entry may have copyright restrictions and are reused under Section 107 of the Copyright Act of 1976 (Title 17 of the United States Code) which permits “fair use” of copyrighted materials for purposes such as criticism, comment, scholarship, and research. These texts remain under copyright of their owners. No copyright infringement is intended.

How to Cite This Entry

Joseph L. Rife, “Epiphanius, Medicine Cabinet, or Against Heresies 69.4.3-5,” in Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia, last modified June 14, 2021, https://caesarea-maritima.org/testimonia/153.

Bibliography:

Joseph L. Rife, “Epiphanius, Medicine Cabinet, or Against Heresies 69.4.3-5.” In Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia, edited by Joseph L. Rife and Phillip I. Lieberman., edited by Joseph L. Rife et al.. Caesarea City and Port Exploration Project, 2021. Entry published June 14, 2021. https://caesarea-maritima.org/testimonia/153.

About this Entry

Entry Title: Epiphanius, Medicine Cabinet, or Against Heresies 69.4.3-5

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Joseph L. Rife, general editor, Vanderbilt University
  • Joseph L. Rife and Phillip I. Lieberman, editors, Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia
  • David A. Michelson, Daniel L. Schwartz, and William L. Potter, technical editor, “Epiphanius, Medicine Cabinet, or Against Heresies 69.4.3-5
  • Joseph L. Rife, entry contributor, “Epiphanius, Medicine Cabinet, or Against Heresies 69.4.3-5

Additional Credit:

  • TEI encoding by William L. Potter
  • Electronic text added by Joseph L. Rife
  • Testimonia identified by Joseph L. Rife
Show full citation information...