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Wildcard Characters:

Given the prevalence of variant spellings in names, using Wildcard Characters may help.

"?" can be inserted as a variant for any single character.

Thus a search for:

returns results which contain either "Procopius" or "Procopios".

"*" can be inserted as a variant for multiple characters or a truncated word.

Thus a search for:

returns results for "Καισαρείᾳ" and "Καισαρέων" and more.

Note: Because the sources we quote use a variety of transliteration formats, ignores diacritics and punctuation in searching; for example, use of "ʿ" is not required to find results with this diacritical mark.

Fuzzy Search Character

Appending the character "~" after a word returns results for words that are close but not exact matches. This type of search can be useful for ingoring differences in accent marks or vocalization.

Thus a search for

returns results which contain "πόλεως" but also " πόλεων", "πόλεις", and other words that are "fuzzy" matches for "πόλεως".

Exact Phrase Searches

To find an exact phrase, it should be enclosed in double quotes.


"Constantius II"  
returns only results with that exact phrase, while several results are found for the words "Constantius" without "II".

Proximity Characters

To find two or more words which occur within a specified range of each other, one can append the character "~" followed by a number to an "Exact Phrase" search. This allows one to search for two or more words that occur within a specified distance of each other as defined by number of words.


finds results in which the words "tower" and "strato" occur within two words of each other such as in the phrase "Tower of Strato".