Claudius Ptolemy, Geography 8.20.14

   https://caesarea-maritima.org/testimonia/306

Context

Claudius Ptolemy was a learned Greek scholar, apparently of Greco-Egyptian descent and Roman citizenship, who conducted research in the fields of astronomy, mathematics, and geography during the 2nd century C.E. Apart from the Almagest, his famous astronomical treatise, his most influential work was a detailed survey of the world containing a gazetteer of places plotted in coordinates, his version of longitude (degrees of arc from a notional meridian through the Blessed Isles) and latitude (degrees of arc from the equator). In this work’s final book, Ptolemy provided captions about places for an atlas of regional maps. Among these he defined the limits of Palestine-Judaea and plotted the settlements along the coast, including “Caesarea Stratonis.”=

Text

(13) ἡ δὲ Δαμασκὸς ἔχει τὴν μεγίστην ἡμέραν ὡρῶν ῑδ δʹ ἔγγιστα (ῑδ δʹ) καὶ διέστηκεν Ἀλεξανδρείας πρὸς ἀνατολὰς μιᾶς ὥρας 𐅵ιβʹ (𐅵ιεʹ)(14) Τῆς δὲ Παλαιστίνης Ἰουδαίαςἡ μὲν Καισάρεια τοῦ Στράτωνος ἔχει τὴν μεγίστην ἡμέραν ὡρῶν ῑδ ϛʹ καὶ διέστηκεν Ἀλεξανδρείας πρὸς ἀνατολὰς μιᾶς ὥρας γιεʹ(15) ἡ δὲ Ἀσκαλὼν ἔχει τὴν μεγίστην ἡμέραν ὡρῶν ῑδ ηʹ ἔγγιστα (ιδ ϛʹ), καὶ διέστηκεν Ἀλεξανδρείας πρὸς ἀνατολὰς μιᾶς ὥρας γʹ (γιβʹ)

Textual Note

Ed. Stückelberger and Graßhoff 2006

Translation

(13) Damascus has a longest day of almost 14¼ hours, and its distance from Alexandria to the east is 7/12 hours (17/30 hours).(14) [Chief cities] of Palestine, [i.e.] Judaea:Straton’s Caesarea has a longest day of 14⅙ hours, and its distance from Alexandria to the east is 2/5 hours.15) Ascalon has its longest day of nearly 14⅛ hours (14⅙ hours), and it distance from Alexandria to the east is ⅓ hours (5/12 hours).

Translation Note

Trans. J. L. Rife with ref. to Stevenson 1932 and Stückelberger and Graßhoff 2006

Bibliography

  • 1 Claudius Ptolemy, Ptolemaios, Handbuch Der Geographie, Griechisch-Deutsch I-IIPtolemaios, Handbuch Der Geographie, Griechisch-Deutsch I-II, ed. Alfred Stückelberger and Gerd Graßhoff, 2nd ed. (Basel: Schwabe, 2017), bk: 8, ch: 20.14. Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 Claudius Ptolemy, Claudius Ptolemy: The GeographyClaudius Ptolemy: The Geography, trans. Edward Luther Stevenson, repr. 1991 (New York: Dover Publications, 1932), map: 4. Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Copyright and License for Reuse

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How to Cite This Entry

Joseph L. Rife, “Claudius Ptolemy, Geography 8.20.14,” in Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia, last modified August 9, 2021, https://caesarea-maritima.org/testimonia/306.

Bibliography:

Joseph L. Rife, “Claudius Ptolemy, Geography 8.20.14.” In Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia, edited by Joseph L. Rife and Phillip I. Lieberman., edited by Joseph L. Rife et al.. Caesarea City and Port Exploration Project, 2021. Entry published August 9, 2021. https://caesarea-maritima.org/testimonia/306.

About this Entry

Entry Title: Claudius Ptolemy, Geography 8.20.14

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Joseph L. Rife, general editor, Vanderbilt University
  • Joseph L. Rife and Phillip I. Lieberman, editors, Caesarea Maritima: A Collection of Testimonia
  • David A. Michelson, Daniel L. Schwartz, and William L. Potter, technical editor, “Claudius Ptolemy, Geography 8.20.14
  • Joseph L. Rife, entry contributor, “Claudius Ptolemy, Geography 8.20.14

Additional Credit:

  • TEI encoding by William L. Potter
  • Electronic text added by Joseph L. Rife
  • Testimonia identified by Joseph L. Rife
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